The development of Chorleywood village from 1868 to 1994.
The map shows the changes and development of Chorleywood village in Great Britain over a period of 126 years from 1868 to 1994.
Chronologically, during the first 15 years from 1868 to 1883, Chorleywood was merely a very small village with two crossing main roads for its all transportation. From 1883 to 1922, with the expansion to the south, a new living area took shape and almost tripled the original scale. Besides, in 1909, a railway line, parallel with the east-bound main road, was built, linking the east and west, as well as forming Chorleywood Station.
During the next period between 1922 and 1970, Chorleywood extended both eastward and westward and almost doubled the previous size. The year 1970 saw another big change of Chorleywood -- the establishment of a south-bound motorway as the axis, which connected east-west main road with the railway.
By 1994, there emerged 5 new resident places and some entertainment including Chorleywood Park and Golf course, all of which scattered along the two sides of the newly-bulit traffic system.
The pie charts compare the online retail shopping trends in Australia in 2010 with that of 2015. Overall, electronic product, food and furniture comprised the highest percentage of online sales in Australia in both years.
According to the illustration, 27% online retail sale in Australia in 2010 was made by electric appliances, which was followed by home furnishing and food & beverage commerce with exactly 22 and 21 percentage respectively. Video games purchased by Australian consumers comprised 19% of total online sales in this year. Finally, gift and book sales accounted 7% and 4% online retail sales consecutively in 2010.
After half a decade, electric products' sales increased by 5% and it comprised one-third of the total online sales in 2015. E-commerce of food & beverage items slightly increased while a nominal decrease could be ovserved in the trade ratio of furniture. Video games became less popular among Australian online consumers as its sale dropped below half while a surge could be noticed on the gift items' sale ratio. Books as an online retail product were sold more in percentage in 2015 than that of 2010.
The table compares the percentages of market share by different laptop brands in three different years — 2006, 2007 and 2014. A glance at the graph reveals that I IP was the leading notebook
manufacturer in these years.
As can be seen in the table, HP had the largest market share of laptops in 2006 and it retained the top position in 2007 and 2014 as well with around one-third of the total market. Dell secured the second position with 16.6% market share in 2006 and enjoyed a 10% increase in 2014. Samsung had only 11.6% share of laptop market in 2006 but this brand managed to capture over 14% global market share in 8 years. All the top three brands of laptop manufacturing had been able to increase their market share except Samsung in 2007. Toshiba and Lenovo had around 6 percent notebook market share in 2006 and in 8 years their market share increased slightly. The lowest market share was possessed by Fujitsu in 2006 and after 8 years its market share slightly declined and reached to 3.1%. All other brands captured a significant market share in 2006 (22.8%) but only 7.11% in 2014.
The diagram below illustrates the carbon cycle in nature.
The flow chart shows how the cycle of carbon is formed in the nature completely. Overall, this process has 3 main parts, including carbon absorbing, transferring and releasing.
Firstly, under the exposure to sunlight, plants like green trees begin a process known as photosynthesis which absorbs CO2 from the air. After the death and decay of these plants, the organic carbon is then transferred underground. Similarly, the carbon accumulated in dead animals which feed on plants in life, such as sheep, is also deposited in soil. being pressed and mingled in deep earth for a long term, a part of trapped carbon is converted into the form of fossil or fossil fuels.
In terms of releasing carbon back, there are generally 3 ways. organically, physical respiration from both plants and animals produces and exhales large amount of carbon as CO2 into atmosphere. Spontaneously, root respiration of plants also extracts fixed carbon from soil. Besides, man-made activities that burn fossil fuels like car running of factory manufacturing make serious gas emissions of CO2 in air.
Finally, the entrance of CO2 into atmosphere activates this natural cycle which consists of sun, air, creatures, land and human activities.
1. Some people think that all young people should be required to have full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree？
2. It is important for all towns and cities to have large public outdoor places like squares and parks. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
3. In recent years, young people in many countries choose to live by themselves. What are the reasons and is it positive or negative for the development of the society？
4. Some people think most crimes are the result of circumstances like poverty and other social problems. Others believe that they are caused by people who are bad in nature. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
5. Some people think that environmental problems are too big for individuals to solve. Others, however, believe that these problems cannot be solved if individuals do not take actions. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
6. Some visitors are interested in other countries' culture and tradition. How can visitors learn it？Why are other visitors not interested in it？
1. Some working parents believe childcare centers can provide best care for children, while others think family members like grandparents can do it better. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
2. Some people believe that children can learn effectively by watching TV and they should be encouraged to watch TV both at home and school. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
3. In most cities and towns, the high volumes of road traffic have become a problem. What are the causes and what actions could be taken to solve the problem？
4. Some people think that young people should follow traditions of their society, and others think young people should be free to behave as they will. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
5. The spread of multinational companies and the increase of globalization produces positive effects for everyone. To what extent to you agree or disagree?
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